Etxebarria v. Spain
A challenge to Spain’s anti-terrorism detention regulations argues that holding two suspects incommunicado without independent legal and medical advice created conditions for abuse.
El-Masri v. Macedonia
The European Court of Human Rights has ruled in favor of Khaled El-Masri, in his complaint over Macedonia's involvement in his extraordinary rendition and torture by the CIA.
El Sharkawi v. Arab Republic of Egypt
Mohammed El Sharkawi was detained without trial under Egypt's Emergency Law for nearly 16 years, and tortured in custody. Since his release, there has been no acknowledgement that his detention violated human rights.