Equality Betrayed: The Impact of Ethnic Profiling in France
French police checks disproportionately target young men of North African and Arab origin: read first hand accounts of the human cost and the damage done.
We work with police, activists, and community leaders across multiple European countries to document systemic ethnic profiling by police officers and to put a stop to abuses through new frameworks and policies.
Submission to the UN on Ethnic Profiling in Spain
This submission details the extent and impact of ethnic profiling on minorities in Spain, and how these practices violate international human rights standards.
France: Ethnic Profiling Challenge
In France, a coalition of advocates is mounting a constitutional challenge to the practice of ethnic profiling. These two short publications summarize the Open Society Justice Initiative's work on the case and the basis of the challenge.
Fact Sheet on Ethnic Profiling in Europe
This fact sheet, prepared by European Network Against Racism and the Open Society Institute, explains the practice of ethnic profiling across Europe.
The Problem of Ethnic Profiling in Europe
This fact sheet explains the problem of ethnic profiling in Europe, and shows that the practice is wasteful as well as ineffective in fighting and preventing crime.
Addressing Ethnic Profiling by Police
This Open Society Justice Initiative book reports on strategies for improving police-community relations by increasing the fairness, effectiveness, and accountability of police stops in Bulgaria, Hungary, and Spain.
Ethnic Profiling in the Moscow Metro
Riders on the Moscow Metro who appear non-Slavic are over twenty times more likely to be stopped by police than those who look Slavic, according to this report by the Open Society Justice Initiative, in partnership with JURIX and Lamberth Consulting.
Ethnic Profiling and Counter-Terrorism: Trends, Dangers and Alternatives
Open Society Justice Initiative Executive Director James A. Goldston addressed the European Parliament's Seminar on Counter-Terrorism and Ethnic Profiling in Brussels. His presentation, "Ethnic Profiling and Counter-Terrorism: Trends, Dangers and...
Justice Initiatives: Ethnic Profiling by Police in Europe
This issue of Justice Initiatives examines ethnic profiling by police in Europe, and explores the methods used in the United States and the United Kingdom to confront it.
Under Suspicion: Speaking Out about Ethnic Profiling in Spain
Ethnic profiling is common in Spain. Research consistently shows that police disproportionately stop and check minority groups throughout the country.
Legal Aid in France
This fact sheet summarizes the legal representation available to detainees and defendants who cannot afford their own lawyer in France.
Ethnic Profiling in the European Union: Pervasive, Ineffective, and Discriminatory
Pervasive use of ethnic and religious stereotypes by law enforcement across Europe is harming efforts to combat crime and terrorism, according to this report released by the Open Society Justice Initiative.
Equality Under Pressure: The Impact of Ethnic Profiling in the Netherlands
The Dutch pride themselves on being members of an open, tolerant, and fair society. But for a growing number of people in the Netherlands, this ideal is being put under pressure by proactive police actions.
Reducing Ethnic Profiling in the European Union: A Handbook of Good Practices
The nearly 100 case studies gathered in this handbook show that efforts to address ethnic profiling can reduce discrimination, and enhance the overall quality and efficiency of law enforcement.
What is Ethnic Profiling?
Ethnic profiling takes place when law enforcement targets people not because of what they have done, but who they are. This fact sheet outlines the impact that the discriminatory practice has on people's lives in Europe.
Universal Jurisdiction Law and Practice in France
The principle of universal jurisdiction allows national courts to investigate and prosecute international crimes committed on foreign territory by foreign nationals. This briefing paper provides an overview of France's legal framework on universal jurisdiction and was produced in partnership with TRIAL International.
Ethnic Profiling: Letter from Spain’s Defensora del Pueblo
Recommendations from Spain’s Defensora del Pueblo to the General Directorate of Police at the Ministry of the Interior to address ethnic profiling.
Profiling Minorities: A Study of Stop-and-Search Practices in Paris
Police officers in Paris consistently stop people on the basis of ethnicity and dress rather than on the basis of suspicious individual behavior, according to our study on stop-and-search practices.
Case Digests: International Standards on Ethnic Profiling: Standards and Decisions from the European System
A review of European legal standards, including jurisprudence and commentaries, which address ethnic profiling.